Land Hessen , is a federal state Land of the Federal Republic of Germany , with just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden ; the largest city is Frankfurt am Main. As a cultural region , Hesse also includes the area known as Rhenish Hesse Rheinhessen in the neighbouring state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The German name Hessen , like the name of other German regions Schwaben "Swabia", Franken "Franconia", Bayern "Bavaria", Sachsen "Saxony" is derived from the dative plural form of the name of the inhabitants or eponymous tribe , the Hessians Hessen , singular Hesse , short for the older compound name Hessenland "land of the Hessians".
Land Hessenis a federal state Land of the Federal Republic of Germanywith just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden ; the largest city is Frankfurt am Main. As a cultural regionHesse also includes the area known as Rhenish Hesse Rheinhessen in the neighbouring state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
The German name Hessenlike the name of other German regions Schwaben "Swabia", Franken "Franconia", Bayern "Bavaria", Sachsen "Saxony" is derived from the dative plural form of Dating portal hessen name of the inhabitants or eponymous tribe Dating portal hessen, the Hessians Hessensingular Hesseshort for the older compound name Hessenland "land of the Hessians". The name of the Your dating site free messaging is empty. ultimately continues the tribal name of the Chatti.
An inhabitant of Hesse is called a "Hessian" German: Hesse masculine or Hessin feminineplural Hessen. The English form Hesse is in common use by the 18th century, first in the hyphenated names Hesse-Cassel and Hesse-Darmstadtbut the latinate form Hessia remains in common English usage well into the 19th century. The synthetic element hassiumnumber on the periodic tablewas named after the state of Hesse infollowing a proposal Dating portal hessen The territory of Hesse was delineated only inas Greater Hesseunder American occupation.
It corresponds only loosely to the medieval Landgraviate of Hesse. In the 19th century, prior to the unification of Germanythe territory of what is now Hesse comprised the territories of Grand Duchy of Hessethe Duchy of Nassauthe free city of Frankfurt and Dating portal hessen Electorate of Hesse also known as Hesse-Cassel.
The Central Hessian region was inhabited in the Dating portal hessen Paleolithic. The region was later settled by the Germanic Chatti tribe around the 1st century BC, and the name Hesse is a continuation of that Dating portal hessen name.
The ancient Romans had a military camp in Dorlar, and in Waldgirmes directly on the eastern outskirts of Wetzlar was a civil settlement under construction. Presumably, the provincial government for the occupied territories of the right bank of Germania was planned at this location.
The governor of Dating portal hessen, at least temporarily, likely had resided here. The settlement appears to have been abandoned by the Romans after Dating portal hessen devastating Battle of the Teutoburg Forest failed in the year AD 9. Hessia, from the early 7th century on, served as a buffer between areas dominated by the Saxons to the north and the Frankswho brought the area to Dating portal hessen south under their control in Dating portal hessen early sixth century and occupied Thuringia to the east in Its geographic center is Fritzlar ; it extends in the southeast to Hersfeld on the Fulda River, in the north to past Kassel and up to the rivers Diemel and Weser.
To the west, it occupies the valleys of the Rivers Eder and Lahn the latter until it turns south. It measured roughly 90 Dating portal hessen north-south, and Dating portal hessen north-west.
The area around Fritzlar shows evidence of significant pagan belief from the 1st century on. Geismar was a particular focus of such activity; it was continuously occupied from the Roman period on, with a settlement from the Roman period, which itself had a predecessor from the 5th century BC. Excavations have produced a horse burial and bronze artifacts. A possible religious cult may have centered on a natural spring in Geismar, called Gay Tirol, free gay dating, Austria : ; the name "Geismar" possibly "energetic pool" itself may be derived from Dating portal hessen spring.
By the mid-7th century, the Franks had established themselves as overlords, which is suggested by archeological evidence of burials, and they built fortifications in various places, including Christenberg. Walls and trenches totaling one kilometer in length were made, and they enclosed "8 hectares of a spur that offered Dating portal hessen commanding view over Fritzlar and the densely-populated Dating portal hessen of Hessia".
Following Saxon incursions into Chattish Dating portal hessen in the 7th century, two gaue had been established; a Frankish one, comprising an area around Fritzlar and Kasseland a Saxonian one. In the 9th century, the Saxon Hessengau also came under the rule of the Franconians. In the 12th century, Hessengau was passed to Thuringia. It shortly rose to primary importance under Landgrave Philip the Magnanimouswho was one of the leaders of German Protestantism.
After Philip's death inthe territory was divided among his four sons from his first marriage Philip was a bigamist into four lines: As the latter two lines died out quite soon andrespectivelyHesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt were the two core states within the Hessian lands. Several collateral lines split off during the centuries, such as inwhen Hesse-Homburg split off from Hesse-Darmstadt.
In the late 16th century, Kassel adopted Calvinismwhile Darmstadt remained Lutheran and subsequently the two lines often found themselves on different sides of a conflict, most notably in the disputes over Hesse-Marburg Dating portal hessen in the Thirty Years' Warwhen Darmstadt fought on the side of the Emperor, while Kassel sided Funniest online dating profiles cp7a Saudi-Arabien und Iran Saudi Arabia and Iran Sweden and France.
The Landgrave Frederick II — ruled as a benevolent despot, from to He combined Enlightenment ideas with Christian values, cameralist Dating portal hessen for central control of the economy, and a militaristic approach toward diplomacy. These soldiers, commonly known as Hessiansfought under the British flag.
The British used Dating portal hessen Hessians in several conflicts, including in the Irish Rebellion of For further revenue, the soldiers were loaned to other places as well. Most were conscripted, with their pay going to the Landgrave. The ruler of Hesse-Kassel was elevated to the status of Dating portal hessen inbut this remained without effect, as the Holy Roman Empire was disbanded in The territory was annexed by Napoleon to the Kingdom of Westphalia inbut restored to the Elector in While other Electors had gained other titles, becoming either Kings or Grand Dukes, the Elector of Hesse-Kassel alone retained the anachronistic title.
The name survived in the term Kurhessendenoting the region around Kassel. Init was annexed by Dating portal hessentogether with the Free City of Frankfurtthe small Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburgand the Duchy of Nassauwhich were then combined into the province of Dating portal hessen.
In the War ofit fought on the side of Austria against Prussiabut retained its autonomy in defeat because a greater part of the country was situated south of the Main River and Prussia did not dare to expand beyond the Main line, as this might have provoked France.
Around the turn of the 20th century, Darmstadt was one of the centres of the Jugendstil. Untilthe Grand Duchy of Hesse used the Hessian red and white lion as its coat-of-arms. The revolution of transformed Hesse-Darmstadt from a monarchy to a republic, which officially renamed itself " Volksstaat Hessen " People's State of Hesse. The parts of Hesse-Darmstadt on the western banks of the Rhine province Rheinhessen were occupied by French troops until under the terms of the Versailles peace treaty that officially ended World War I in The French separated their part of Hesse from the rest of the region and incorporated it into the newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate Rheinland-Pfalz.
Frankfurt during the s to s developed into one of the major cities of West Germany. Most of the population of Hesse is in the southern part in the Rhine Main Area. The densely populated Rhine-Main region is much better developed than the rural areas in the middle and northern parts of Hesse.
The most important rivers in Hesse are the Fulda and Eder Rivers in the north, the Lahn in the central part of Hesse, and the Main and Rhine in the south. The Rhine borders Hesse on the southwest without running through the state, only one old arm — the so-called Alt-Rhein — runs through Hesse. The mountain range between the Main and the Neckar Rivers is called Dating portal hessen Odenwald. Municipal parliaments are, however, elected independently from the state government by the Hessian people.
Local municipalities enjoy a considerable degree of home rule. The state is divided into three administrative provinces Regierungsbezirke: The administrative regions have no legislature of their own, but are executive agencies of the state government.
Hesse is divided into 21 districts Kreise and five independent cities, each with their own local governments. They are, shown with abbreviations as used on vehicle number plates:.
The term "Rhenish Hesse" German: Rheinhessen refers to the part of the former Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt located west of the Rhine. This province is now part of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate. It is a hilly Dating portal hessen largely devoted to vineyards; therefore, it is also called the "land of the thousand hills". Many inhabitants commute to work in Mainz, Wiesbaden, or Frankfurt. Hessen has been a parliamentary republic Mtv show online dating Overview of the Aras PLM Platform (2 Minutes)except during the Third Reich The German federal system has elements of exclusive federal competences, shared competences, and exclusive competences of the federal states.
Due to the Hessian electoral laws, the biggest party normally needs a smaller coalition partner. As Hesse is a federal state, its constitution combines the offices of the head of state and head of government in one office called the Minister-President German: In the framework of the German federation, the President of Germany is de facto Hesse's head of state.
The largest gains during the election were made by Alternative for Germany AfD at The two other parties also made gains. The major losses of the two leading parties whose coalition made up the federal cabinet during the election closely mirrors the results of the state elections in Bavaria.
In the current parliament the conservative CDU holds a 40 seats, the centre-left SPD and the leftist Green party each hold 29 seats, the far-right AfD holds 19 seats, the liberal FDP party holds 11 seats and the socialist party Die Linke holds 9 seats. As a member state of the German federation, Hesse does not have a diplomatic service of its own.
These offices are mostly used to represent Hessian interests in cultural and economic affairs. Hesse has also permanent representation offices in Berlin at the federal government of Germany and in Brussels at the European Union.
The flag colors of Hesse are red and white. The Hessian coat of arms shows a lion rampant striped with red and white. Hesse has a population of over 6 million nearly 4 million of which Dating portal hessen concentrated in the Rhein-Main region German: Rhein-Main Dating portal hessen in the south of the state, an area that includes the most populous city, Frankfurt am Mainthe capital Wiesbadenand Darmstadt and Offenbach.
Frankfurt is the Dating portal hessen growing city with a predicted rise in population of 4. German is the official language, but many Hessian people also speak a Rhine Franconian dialect known as Hessisch. The Hessian government has overall responsibility for the education within the state.
The remaining one third of the Hessian population were Muslims or belonged to other faiths, or were unaffiliated. Acknowledged as a legal entity under public law in Hesse, the Ahmadiyya is the first Islamic community in all of Germany to be recognized as such. Hesse has a rich and varied cultural history, with many important Top best dating sites free 11-0217 Stainless steel pressure tank, heatable Diessel and Dating portal hessen centres and several UNESCO world-heritage sites.
The southern parts of Hesse were [ when? Darmstadt has a rich cultural heritage as the former seat of the Landgraves and Grand Dukes of Hesse. It is known as centre of art nouveau and modern architecture and there are also several important examples of 19th century architecture influenced by British and Russian imperial architecture due to close family ties of the Grand Duke's family to the reigning dynasties in London and Saint Petersburg in the Grand Duchy period.
Darmstadt is an important centre for music, home of the Darmstadt School  of 20th century composers and the Jazz Institute Darmstadt, Europe's largest public jazz archive. Frankfurt am Main is a Dating portal hessen international cultural centre. Over 2 million people visit the city's approximately 60 exhibition centres every year. Frankfurt has many music venues, including an award winning opera housethe Alte Operand the Jahrhunderthalle.