Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: The African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country Morocco. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar ; to the north and northeast by France , Andorra , and the Bay of Biscay ; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union.
Location of Spain (dark green). – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. . After an arduous conquest, the peninsula came fully under Roman Rule. Spanish Statistical Office. El INE Decrease fonts size; Restore fonts size; Increase fonts size; Contact us · Add to favourites · Display Site map · Option Brady Locations: Europe, Middle-East and Africa Intrarea F, Etajul 1, Birou , Sector 1 Bucharest Tel: +40 21 Fax: +40 21